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> Clara Volintiru, George Ștefan, Raluca Andreea Popa and Anca Gherman Paraschiv, “What’s in it for me?” Clientelism and Partisanship at Local Level”, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 30 September-3 October 2021.
> Clara Volintiru, George Ștefan, Raluca Andreea Popa and Anca Gherman Paraschiv, “Poverty Traps? Clientelism and Local Development”, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 30 September-3 October 2021.
> Raluca Luțai, Sergiu Gherghina and Marius Grad, “Party Organization and Electoral Clientelism: Disentagling the Effects”, , Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 30 September-3 October 2021.
> Sergiu Gherghina, Aurelian Giugăl and Dan Podaru, “Auction for Votes: Political Parties and Private Brokers in Local Elections”, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 30 September-3 October 2021.
> Sergiu Gherghina, Clara Volintiru and George Ștefan, “As Good as it Gets: Incumbent Re-election and Public Expenditure in Romania”, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 30 September-3 October 2021.

Clientelism is the mechanism through which political parties and candidates use public and private resources to cement their electoral support in society. It involves the exchange of various goods, targeted funds, or development projects for votes. While much research focused on how clientelism works and on its consequences, limited attention has been paid to understanding why clientelism emerges. 

This project aims to explain the variation of clientelism at county level in Romania.
This country is a representative case in Central and Eastern Europe, clientelism is used regularly by political parties, and the Romanian electorate remains open to electoral competitors.

It argues and tests the potential effects of five explanations: party organization, electoral strategies, private donations, economic development and demand for clientelism.
It controls for incumbency, losing votes, and media use.
The analysis is conducted at county level and combines quantitative and qualitative methods.

The project is funded by the Romanian Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI) for the period 2020-2022, project number: PN-III-P1-1.1-TE-2019-0460.

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